The Trail was active for the next fifty years until the railroad arrived.

Fight for Your Life a Story of Danger on the Santa Fe Trail
by Miller, Mark

Missing dust jacket; Readable copy. The trail quickly grew into an international trade and commerce route, until trains reached Santa Fe in 1880. Wagon trains rendezvoused at Council Grove before pushing westward across the rugged and treeless plains. Back in the 1700 and 1800’s, this was known as the dry route because there wasn’t a reliable source of water over much of it. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading At the End of the Santa Fe Trail. Required fields are marked *. However, by his third trip, Becknell had found a passable wagon route, thus beginning the many wagon trains heading to the southwest. William Becknell opened the trail, with an epic trek from Missouri to Santa Fe in September-November of 1821. It was used extensively by traders, freighters, those headed to Pikes Peak, and the military from its survey by the federal government in 1825 until the 1870s. Council Grove has been called the birthplace of the Santa Fe Trail because of the treaty signed here Aug. 10, 1825, giving Americans safe passage through Osage Indian land. The Cimarron Desert route was shorter and easier for the wagon parties than the mountainous Raton Pass, but travelers risked attacks by Native Americans in addition to shortages of water. Our cookies are delicious. “That’s it. This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Santa Fe Trail Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Santa Fe Trail which was a commercial route connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico from 1821 to 1880. Florrie, her younger brother Jem, her mother, and her mother's new husband are going to travel down the Santa Fe Trail to begin a new life in New Mexico in the town of Santa Fe. Although canvas-covered wagons no longer rumble along Main Street and the Neosho River, the Santa Fe Trail still defines the town. “We had abundant hardwoods here to make wagon repairs. On his first trip, Becknell loaded manufactured goods from Missouri onto a mule train to trade for furs, gold, silver, and other goods in New Mexico. It makes all of my monk friends very happy! By 1850, a monthly stagecoach line was established between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Gathered in the shade of a 70-foot-tall oak, a council of U.S. commissioners and Osage chiefs forged the agreement in exchange for $800. The trail brought many individuals west in the hope of securing a better life for themselves and their families. Santa Fe was near the end of the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, which carried trade from Mexico City. “It stuck with me that I lived where the Kaw Indians once lived.”. T… These women never met, but their letters and … After independence, Mexico encouraged trade. Other historic sites include the 1851 Kaw Mission built by the Methodist Episcopal Church to educate the Kaw children, the 1858 Conn Stone Store trading post, the 1892 Farmers and Drovers Bank, and the 1867 Cottage House hotel. William and Charles Bent, Ceran St. Vrain and Company led a party and wagons eastbound from Santa Fe, New Mexico in the late summer, traveled by way of Taos and Raton Pass to Bent’s Fort; then came down the Arkansas River to the Santa Fe Trail, opening the Bent’s Fort Santa Fe Trail. Other trails that were connected to the Santa Fe Trail included the Old Spanish Trail, which linked Santa Fe to Los Angeles, and the El Camino Real, which connected  Santa Fe to Mexico City. Source: See Santa Fe Trail Writing Credits. Council Grove was an international trading post,” says McClintock, a historian who portrays Hays during Wah-Shun-Gah Days, a community celebration held the third weekend in June. Before Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, the Spanish banned trade between Santa Fe and the United States. Although only about 1 1/4 miles long, it does connect to the Dale Ball trail system if you have time for a longer walk. When the Mexican-American War began, travel and trading along the trail was restricted but, it was heavily used by the military for transportation of supplies from the Missouri River towns to the Southwest. The lure of future fortune inspired traders and settlers to follow his lead. Trail hardships included water and food scarcity, Indian attacks and severe weather, with everything from heat waves to blizzards. We use cookies. Santa Fe Trail Worksheets. He found a trail for part of the route that was wide enough for wagon trains and draft teams, making it … Santa Fe Trail Way west well traveled by Americans aiming to settle in the West. “I’d ride by all these places on a horse to go to school,” he recalls. Katie Bowen traveled the Santa Fe Trail in 1851 with her army officer husband, Captain Isaac Bowen. Mexican traders also provided caravans going to western Missouri in this international trade. He was a wealthy englishman with two beautiful daughters. Wah-Shun-Gah was the last Kaw Indian chief born in the area. For many years, the only trading post between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico was in Council Grove, Kansas, some 130 miles from Independence and over 650 miles from Santa Fe. They left Missouri and were headed to Santa Fe. In Sante Fe, he sold everything he had for a tidy profit. “Council Grove was the most important stop on the Santa Fe Trail,” says Don Cress, who founded the local chapter of the Santa Fe Trail Association. In the middle 1800s, hundreds of thousands of travelers braved the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico to trade with the new territories out West. Both routes followed the same path from Missouri, traveling west to the Arkansas River and following the river into southwest Kansas. In the 19th century the Santa Fe Trail was one of the longest and most important trade routes in the United States. I would love to say that your website is amazing! In 1825, the United States obtained a right of way from the Osage Indians, which officially established the Santa Fe Trail as a national “highway.”  In 1827, Independence, Missouri was founded and within a few years became the major outfitting point on the eastern end of the trail. Cress, 83, became fascinated with trail history when he was 6. The 800-mile route was established in 1821 to carry goods between frontier Missouri and Santa Fe, N.M. At Fort Larned, Kansas the trail split into two branches. Santa Fe Trail (1940) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Today, part of the route has been designated as a National Scenic Byway. Santa Fe became part of the United States in 1848, and the Santa Fe Trail was eventually replaced by the railroad. © Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated July 2020. Commemorate the 200th Anniversary Journey across five states and 200 years of history during the Bicentennial of the Santa Fe Trail. The Mountain Route was longer but not quite as dangerous, with fewer warlike Indians and more water along the route. Santa Fe Trail Diaries. Remnants of the trail days can be seen at 21 historic landmarks, including nine National Historic Santa Fe Trail sites. Mosquitos, dust and mud were a regular nuisance. Santa Fe Trail History Fact 2: William Becknell was the first American trader to do business in Santa Fe following the departure of the Spanish The already-bustling parking lot at the corner of Paseo de Peralta and Old Santa Fe Trail is practically packed for the holidays. With Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Raymond Massey, Ronald Reagan. Santa Fe Trail, in U.S. history, famed wagon trail from Independence, Mo., to Santa Fe, N.M., an important commercial route (1821–80).Opened by William Becknell, a trader, the trail was used by merchant wagon caravans travelling in parallel columns, which, when Indians attacked, as they did frequently between 1864 and 1869, could quickly form a circular line of defense. Along with being a grub spot, the building over the years has served as a newspaper office, courtroom, hotel, and church. William Becknell (1787 or 1788 – April 30, 1865) was an American soldier, politician, and freight operator who is credited by Americans with opening the Santa Fe Trail in 1821. Two routes soon developed along the trail, the Mountain Route and the Cimarron Route, also called the Jornada Route. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. If you like history, it’s here.”, https://americanprofile.com/articles/life-by-the-santa-fe-trail/. “Thousands of merchants traveled the Santa Fe Trail. This branch traveled about 230 miles between Fort Larned and Bent’s Fort near present-day La Junta, Colorado, continuing to follow the Arkansas River before turning south through the Raton Pass to Santa Fe. That’s the trail. Then, in 1846, the Mexican-American War began, and a few months later, America’s Army of the West followed the Santa Fe Trail … A life-altering betrayal leaves Donna Grace alone, unmarried, and pregnant. Five miles west of the still-bustling trading-post town is one of Cress’ favorite places. Girl Scout Cookies just got real—as in, even more delicious than usual. Sixteen miles south is the 11,000-acre Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, the country’s only national park dedicated to preserving a remnant of prairie. The Santa Fe Trail was in use between 1821 and 1980, primarily as a commercial route from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico, according to the … In the quiet, he imagines a flotilla of wagons, because etched into the prairie here are 150-year-old wagon ruts. With that background, here’s how to experience life on the Santa Fe Trail when you visit the Mahaffie Stagecoach Stop & Historic Farm Site. The 1861 Terwilliger Home was the last house that travelers passed on their journey westward. William Becknell blazes the Santa Fe Trail, Civil War on the Santa Fe Trail: 1861-1865, Fighting the Comanche on the Santa Fe Trail, International Trade on the Santa Fe Trail, 1821-1846, The End of the Santa Fe Trail by Gerald Cassidy, about 1910, The Life & Mysterious Death of Samuel B. Watrous, The Mexican War and the Santa Fe Trail, 1846-1848, The Santa Fe Trail and the Railroad: 1865-1880, Santa Fe Trail – Exploration & Illegal Trade – Pre-1821. Travelers stocked up at The Last Chance Store, a one-room 1857 limestone building that stands today. Donations may be sent to: Santa Fe Trail Center Museum, 1349 K-156, Larned, KS 67550. Facts about the Santa Fe Trail History for kids. Using any smartphone as a virtual guide, follow clues scattered along the Old Santa Fe Trail and among the city’s historic plazas and adobe-style buildings. The Santa Fe Trail Association is composed of people of all ages and walks of life who are bound together by an interest in the fascinating saga of the Trail, and an interest in preserving its many physical traces and landmarks that still exist upon the face of the American West. Here's a look at... Kenneth McClintock brags about the baked ham and the homemade bread served at the Hays House Restaurant, but what can’t be beat, he insists, is the local history. This is one of our favorite walks in the Santa Fe area. 2,321). Traces of the trail can still be found along the former route, though. 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